IS THERE AN END TO TORMENT IN HELL?
Some students of the Bible say that torment in hell is only for a period of time. We want to find out if this is true or not.
Let's look at the meaning behind the scriptural definitions as to the Greek words that give us the answer to this question. While there are many other things concerning hell that might be of interest, we will limit this study to the issue just stated. We will look at words like
"eternal, everlasting, for ever"
as these are the words normally descriptive of the length of the time those in hell will suffer and we would like to see if they mean a finite time or a never ending amount of time.
The first surprise for most Bible students is that the English words "eternal" and "everlasting" in the KJV both come from the same Greek word "aionios" (Strong's 166). For example, take a look at Mt. 25:41&46 in the KJV:
"Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels...And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal."
"Eternal" and "everlasting" in those two verses are the same Greek word "aionios". So the "fire", "punishment", and "life" are for the same time. One is just as long or short as the other. You can not say one word means a finite amount of time and the other means a never ending amount of time.
Some students who claim that hell is only for a period of time do so on the supposed belief that these two English words come from two different Greek words - one for a never ending period of time - and the other for a finite period of time. Obviously, noting that both "eternal" and "everlasting" come from the same Greek word destroys that theory completely! Note also that "eternal", "everlasting", and "aionios" are all adjectives grammatically speaking.
"EVERLASTING", "ETERNAL" ARE ADJECTIVES
In grammer, an adjective describes a noun (person, place, or thing)
"Aionios" (Strong's 166, an adjective) is translated 71 times in the KJV New Testament as:
Now, if "aionios" means "without end" in the first 14 things listed in the table above, then it certainly must mean the same regarding the last 6 things it is applied to, namely the length of torment in hell, and that it too must be without end!
THE "EVER" IN "FOR EVER" IS A NOUN
In grammar, a noun is a person, place, or thing
Here is another surprise to many students of the Bible. There is NO "forever" in the Bible. It is NOT "forever", but "for ever" with a space between the two words. Many people do not see the space there separating the two words. They see it "forever" not "for ever". This is an important point because the word "for" is the English preposition from the Greek word preposition "eis" (Strong's 1519) that modifies the English noun "ever" from the Greek noun "aion" (Strong's 165).
Next surprise is that "ever" (Strong's 165) comes from the same Greek root word that "eternal/everlasting" (Strong's 166) do...the only difference is that "ever" is the noun form and "eternal/everlasting" is the adjective form. When you realize this, it becomes much easier to see the meanings of "eternal/everlasting", "forever". and how they relate, doesn't it?
"Aion" (Strong's 165, a noun) is translated 128 times in the New Testament as:
Another surprise is that the Greek word "aion" (Strong's 165), for the English "ever", is the root where we get our English words "aeon" and "eon" in the same way that we get our English word "baptize" from the Greek word "baptizo". So, it should not be surprising that "aion" and "aeon" or "eon" mean pretty much the same thing in both languages. \
However, in both English and Greek, the word can mean: a) for ever, an unbroken age, perpetuity of time, eternity; b) the worlds, universe; c) period of time, age. Since both the English and Greek words can mean a never ending period of time or a finite period of time, we must look to other ways to discern which is correct for a certain scripture or context of scripture.
It happens that every time (with maybe one exception) "aion" IS NOT PRECEDED WITH THE GREEK PREPOSITION "EIS" (Strong's 1519 for "FOR"), it is translated "world" or "age" and is talking of something that is of a finite time, whereas every time "aion" IS PRECEDED WITH THE GREEK PREPOSITION "EIS" (Strong's 1519) OR "FOR", it is translated "ever" and is talking of something that is never ending as will be shown in the chart below.
[Note: we did not list the passages that translate "aion" (without the preposition) as "world", or "age" simply because they are not relevant to proving that torment in hell goes on for ever since "aion" in these cases means a finite time. However, any one desiring to go further on this aspect can by using a good computer program (like the free one at www.OnlineBible.net) and looking them up.]
Now, if "aion" means "without end" in the first 16 things listed in the table above, then it certainly must mean the same regarding the last 3 things it is applied to, namely, the length of torment in hell, and that it too must be without end!
Now in conclusion we find that "aionios" (Strong's 166) is always time without end and "aion" (Strong's 165) can be time without end or a finite time according to the constructions listed here:
Now even in the Old Testament Daniel writes in 12:2 that "many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting LIFE, and some to shame and everlasting CONTEMPT". The same thing applies here that did in the New Testament. Because the same Hebrew word (Strong's 05769) for "everlasting" is used for "everlasting" in "everlasting LIFE" and "everlasting CONTEMPT" in this verse, whatever applies to the duration of time for one applies to the other.
There are other scriptures that tell us that torment in hell never ends. For example - "The worm dies not and the fire is not quenched" - Mt. 3:12, Lk. 3:17, Mk. 9:43,44,45,46,48. Now if the worm doesn't die, then there must be something for it to eat - for ever. If the "fire is not quenched", it must be "burning" something - for ever. Obviously, a resurrected body can't be consumed, burned up, or destroyed, but the scriptures are abundantly cleared that it can be tormented, and we can see that it will be for ever! [Note: Those who will end up in hell will not be cast into there until the "second resurrection" or "second death" 1000 years after the "first resurrection" - Rev. 20:1-6, 11-15]
There is no hint in scriptures that the purpose of hell is redemptive or rehabilitative (like the concept of purgatory in Roman Catholicism). Hell is punitive. It is for the purpose of punishment (see Mt. 25:41, 2 Thes. 1:9, 2 Pet. 2:9 for example). If hell could serve a redemptive (and/or rehabilitative) purpose, then the crucifixion, death, burial, resurrection, even the atonement was not necessary and were in vain!
Anyone who ends up in hell, will have ended up there because they refused God's loving and gracious offer of a NEW nature (through the New Birth spoken of in John 3:1-8) and willfully chosen to retain their old sinful nature. Thus for all eternity they will continue to do the same sins they did all their lives... because they love to do them and will continue them (see John 3:18-21) not having any way to be freed from their bondages. Because of that God has a prepared place for them. "Then he will say also to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels" Matthew 25:41).
This is not the prepared place God has for those who have believed in Jesus Christ. "Don’t let your heart be troubled. Believe in God. Believe also in me. In my Father’s house are many homes. If it weren’t so, I would have told you. I am going to prepare a place for you. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and will receive you to myself; that where I am, you may be there also (John 14:1-3).
It is for fortunate that there is a "great gulf" (Luke 16:26) between the "saved" and the "lost" for the benefit of both inhabitants. The lost could not endure the glories and Light of the Redeemed and the saved could not endure the treacheries of the lost with their still retained desires to sin - to lie, deceive, steal, lust, covet, murder, commit adultery, etc. There they can continue forever fulfilling their desires with others who have the same tendencies. It will be a terrible place with all the unrestrained things all that dwell there will do... and to each other.
That is why there is a "great gulf" between the two "prepared places". Heaven would be hell if the unsaved were permitted to enter it.
Now the purpose of this study was to show that the torment of hell is never ending and something that every person should take very seriously.
The good news is that "God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through him might be saved. He that believes on him is not condemned, but he that believes not is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God" (John 3:16-18) and "that if you will confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and will believe in your heart that God has raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart man believes to righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made to salvation. For the scripture says, "Whoever believes on him shall not be ashamed" "for whoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved" (Rom. 10:9,10,11,13).
If you have called upon Jesus and trusted in Him, according to the scriptures just given, for your relationship with God, you have no need to worry about ending up in hell for ever! If you haven't, go to HOW TO RECEIVE ETERNAL LIFE for help!
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